Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy

; ; ;

Springer International Publishing AG






15 a 20 dias


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Section 1 Etiology The Child, The Parent and the Goal Prematurity Congenital malformation Infections Congenital Metabolic In utero Stroke Problem during delivery Post natal encephalopathy Section 2 Epidemiology Over-view of the past 50 Years American experience European Experience Asian experience African experience Section 3 Pathology Physical pathology Current Imaging -PET Muscle changes at the cellular level Gross Anatomic Muscle changes in CP Neuro-motor junction changes Bone Alterations in CP Section 4 Diagnosis Over view of when and how to evaluate Who should get Imaging Indications for metabolic work up Indications for full genetic work up Prognosis assessment - role of PE -Pathologic Reflexes Classification Terminology Section 5 General Medical Concerns Over view of Normal Natural history The Irritable Child with CP Pain in The Non-communicative Patient Post-operative Pain Management Section 6 Neurologic Problems Seizures - Diagnosis, Natural History Seizures - Medical Management Seizures - Ketogenic Diet - Indication and Description Seizures - Role of VNS Seizures - Role of Surgical Removal Seizure Surgery - Workup and technique Description Pseudo-seizures - Diagnosis and Treatment Hydrocephalus Diagnosis and treatment indications Shunting for Hydrocephalus Surgical Ventriculostomy for Hydrocephalus Section 7 Psychologic and Psychiatric Problems Attention Deficient associated with CP Autism and CP as Comorbidities Family Stress Secondary to Disability Impact on Siblings Depression associated with CP Mood disorders (Bipolar and CP) Thought disorder and CP Section 8 Gastro-intestinal Problems Over view and natural of feeding issues with growth and development Aspiration - risks, work up, when is it a problem Gastrostomy feeding - when indicated Tracheostomy or diversion - When indicated and how done Weight and growth in the child with CP Feeding Therapy - Indications how long (Maybe in therapy section) GE reflux - Work up and medical Management GE Reflux - Work up and Surgical Management Poor Intestinal Motility Constipation - Implications long term and treatment Section 9 Genito-Urinary Toilet training and bladder control - Expectations and when to work up Neurogenic Bladder Renal stones - risks, prevention and management Undescended Testicles - Section 10 Ear Nose and Throat Drooling - diagnosis, measurement and medical management Drooling - management with local injections - Botulinum Drooling - Surgical treatment options and outcomes Hearing Evaluation - When and How Cochlear Implant Indication and role in CP Upper Airway Obstruction - Indication for adenoid and tonsillectomy Section 11 Pulmonary Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia - Natural History, etiology and outcome Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia - Medical management Reactive airways - Chronic aspiration Airway obstruction - Work up and medical management Airway obstruction - Indication and options for surgical management Section 12 Endocrine Pitutary-hypohoseal dysfunction Adrenal insufficency Short Stature - Work up and treatment indications Pillow angel treatment - indication ethics approach Glucose intolerance due to intramuscular fat Premature or Delayed Sexual Maturation Section 13 Eyes Testing Sight - how when and the outcome Strabismus Cortical blindness Section 14 Dental Routine hygiene, When and how for child with CP Dental Caries - When to treat, how often to check outcome Gum Hypertrophy - etiology, and management and outcome Malignments - when to treat and expected outcome Bruxism - Management and long term outcome Lip biting - Management and long term outcome Section 15 Neuromuscular Function Neurologic Control of the Muscluosketal System Muscle tone - Spasticity - Assessment Movement disorders - Description and assessment Medical Management of Spasticity Medical Management of Movement disorders Local treatment - Botulinum, Phenol, Neurectomy Inthrathecal Baclofen Therapy Dorsal Rhizotomy Deep Brain Stimulation Ataxia - Disorder of Balance, Description and Assessment Assessing dynamic Balance Section 16 Gait in CP Normal Gait Overview and Natural history of CP Gait Use of Diagnostic Gait Analysis to Guide Treatment Using Gait Analysis as an Outcome Assessment Managing Hemiplegic Gait Diplegic Gait Torsional Malignments Stance phase - Crouch and Back Kneeing Swing Phase - Toe drag Gait with Movement Disorders Gait in Ataxia Complications of Gait Management and Gait Analysis Section 17 Upper Extremity < Overview of Natural History and Outcome Assessment of the Upper Extremity for Diagnostic Assessment Assessment of the Upper Extremity for Outcome Evaluation Tone Management - Botulinum, Neurectomy, Rhizotomy Single Event Multi-level Surgery Approach Shoulder Elbow Forearm and Wrist Thumb Fingers Section 18 Spine Overview and Natural History Non-operative Management of CP scoliosis Surgical Planning - Medical Evaluation Pre-op Role and Response to Spinal Cord Monitoring Anesthesia for CP Spinal Fusion Surgical Management of Scoliosis (operative Procedure) Surgical Management of Kyphosis and Lordosis Post-operative Management Managing Early Onset Scoliosis in CP Managing Complications related to Spinal Fusion Cervical Spinal Problems in CP Lumbar Spondolethesis Ambulatory child CP and Scoliosis Scoliosis and Hip dislocation - Management considerations Section 19 Hip Summary Overview Etiology and Natural History Screening and Surveillance Prophalactic Treatment Reconstruction of Common Posterior Lateral Displacement Reconstruction of the Atypical- Anterior or Inferior Displacement Palliative or Salvage Treatment Complications of CP hip Management Section 20 Knee Summary of Knee problems Patella-femoral instability Apophositis and stress fractures Rotatory or torsion Instability Fixed knee flexion Contracture Hyper-extension knee deformity Knee extension Contracture and Stiff Knee Gait Tibial Torsion and Bowing Section 21 Ankle, Foot, and Toes Over view of the FOOT in CP Natural History of Foot posture in Children with CP Equinus Ankle Varus and Valgus Planovalgus Varus Calcaneovalgus Hallux Claw toes, Over Lap, and Crossing Toes Toe Nail Problems Complications of Managing Foot Problems Section 22 Physical Therapy Over view and history of therapy for CP Early Intervention - techniques and outcome Habilation therapy - in middle childhood - role and outcome Short High Intensity VS Long-term Low frequency Rehabilitation Therapy -(Post op) Frequency and Approach Role of Therapy in Teenagers to prevent function loss Educational Therapy - Technique outcome, how not medical therapy Therapy Theories - NDT ECT outcome expectations Hydrotherapy Strength Training Cardiovascular Endurance training Hippotherapy Robotic training, Suspended Treadmill training Section 23 Occupational Therapy Over view theories and expectations Early intervention expectations and outcome UE Habilation techniques - Outcomes Constrained use - Enforced use Therapy Techniques and expected outcome UE splinting VS use encouragement Evaluation for Driver Training and adaptations Section 24 Speech Therapy Over view of ST and expect outcome Feeding Therapy Indications, techniques, outcome Speech therapy, When techniques and expected outcome. Augmentative communication, When and expected outcome how to evaluate Training oral control for Drooling - Techniques and outcome Section 25 Augmentative and Complimentary Therapies Over view of the wide range Swimming with Dolphins Hyperbaric Oxygen Acupuncture Pressure suits and vests Elastic Space suits Votja Technique ECT ECT ECT Section 26 Durable Medical Equipment Standers - Which, when how long, who and what is the benefit Reclining - Side Lyers, wedges, beds - Benefit for who and when Gait trainers - Who when how long - Benefit Walkers - WHO WHEN how long and what is the benefit Crutches, and canes and sticks - UE - Self feeders - WHO W WH outcome Section 27 Wheel Chairs General Over view of issues to be considered Wheel chair VS stroller - difference and why and when and outcome Power Wheel chair - WHEN WHO outcome Early power wheeled toy mobility - Benefit outcome Consideration of the appropriate WHEEL chair for permanent use One arm drive chair for who and when Section 28 Orthotics General Overview when indicated benefits and risks Control Foot posture - Arch supports, UCBL and SMO Ankle control Knee control options Hip control UE orthotics
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Cerebral palsy;Neuromuscular Disorders;Seizures;Psychiatric problems;Comorbidities;Physical therapy;Occupational therapy;Complementary therapies;musculoskeletal system;gait disorders;spasticity;movement disorders;conservative orthopedics